カイロ (kairo) pocket warmer

pocket warmer

hand warmer


【 カイロ・kairo 】pocket warmer, hand warmer

The kanji for カイロ is 懐炉.

The kunyomi (Japanese reading) of 懐 is ふところ, which means "chest," and 炉 is the kanji for "fireplace, oven, furnace."

Back in the old Edo days, they used to wrap a heated stone in a piece of cloth—this was called 温石 (おんじゃく)—and slipped them in the chest area under their kimono to keep warm (since there were no pockets, of course). 温石 was the beginning of the 懐炉, a portable warmer to warm the chest area, which then evolved into the pocket warmer.

Counting in Japanese with Chocolate

chocolate


Do you know the different ways of counting these chocolates?

Learn the different ways of counting in Japanese — with chocolate!

In Japanese, we use different counters to count objects (or people, animals, events, and other things) depending on what we are counting,  and these are key in daily conversation.

In this video, along with some sample phrases, we use different types of chocolate (Pocky-type stick chocolate, chocolate-covered almonds, assorted chocolate, and more) as an example to introduce how we count certain objects.

So sit back, relax with a cup of hot chocolate, and let's count some chocolate!

After all the counting you'll be ready for a good night's sleep — and by the morning you'll be counting in Japanese(!)

If you haven’t subscribed yet, click away. Hope you join us!

chocolate

友チョコ (tomochoko)

chocolate


【 友チョコ・tomochoko 】"friend chocolate"

In Japan, the tradition is for the girls to give chocolate to the guys on Valentine's Day, but nowadays, there is a バレンタインチョコ for everyone, including yourself:

・本命チョコ (honmeichoko) = for "the One" (from a girl to a guy)

・義理チョコ (girichoko) = a "courtesy" chocolate, mainly for the workplace

・友チョコ (tomochoko) = for your girlfriends

・逆チョコ (gyakuchoko) = "reverse chocolate," when the guy gives the girl chocolate

・マイチョコ (maichoko) = for yourself
or 俺チョコ (orechoko) = when guys buy for themselves

toothbrush

歯ブラシ (haburashi) toothbrush

toothbrush


【 歯ブラシ・haburashi 】toothbrush

歯 (は ha) is " tooth," ブラシ (burashi) is "brush," 磨く (みがく migaku) is "to polish," so 歯磨き (はみがき hamigaki) is to brush your teeth.

If you're ever shopping for a toothbrush in Japan (as we all have a preference), these are the terms that you will see on the packaging:

・やわらかめ (yawarakame) = soft

・ふつう (futsuu) = medium

・かため (katame) = hard

やわらかめ is "on the soft side" and かため is "on the hard side" to be exact.