How to Count Food and Drinks in Japanese — 食べ物や飲み物の数え方
Since there is a multitude of counters in Japanese, learning all of them can be overwhelming. So in this series, we're introducing the most frequently used ones, by category. (Learn why we use counters here.)
Once you learn a handful of the basics, you'll see a pattern as some cover a range of items that are similar in shape and form.
In the video, you'll find that counters for food and drinks differ depending on the form of serving.
How many vegetables can you name in Japanese? Learn how to say each vegetable 野菜 (やさい) in Japanese:
ゴーヤ bitter gourd
さつまいも sweet potato
しいたけ shiitake mushroom
だいこん Japanese radish
ちんげんさい bok choy
ピーマン green pepper
モロヘイヤ Egyptian spinach
れんこん lotus root
The standard rule of kana-writing is to write Japanese nouns in hiragana, and 外来語 (gairaigo), foreign-borrowed words, in katakana. So why are some Japanese words written in katakana?
One rule is that in biological contexts, fruits, vegetables, plants, and animals are written in katakana. Other times, words are written in katakana merely to make them stand out, especially when they are next to hiragana. For example, うさぎリンゴ or ウサギりんご. More often, it is a visual solution for legibility.