Learn Vegetable Names in Japanese
How many vegetables can you name in Japanese? Learn how to say each vegetable 野菜 (やさい) in Japanese:
ゴーヤ bitter gourd
さつまいも sweet potato
しいたけ shiitake mushroom
だいこん Japanese radish
ちんげんさい bok choy
ピーマン green pepper
モロヘイヤ Egyptian spinach
れんこん lotus root
The standard rule of kana-writing is to write Japanese nouns in hiragana, and 外来語 (gairaigo), foreign-borrowed words, in katakana. So why are some Japanese words written in katakana?
One rule is that in biological contexts, fruits, vegetables, plants, and animals are written in katakana. Other times, words are written in katakana merely to make them stand out, especially when they are next to hiragana. For example, うさぎリンゴ or ウサギりんご. More often, it is a visual solution for legibility.