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Learn Vegetables in Japanese

野菜 (やさい)
Vegetable Names in Japanese

アスパラ
(asupara)
asparagus
オクラ
(okura)
okra
かぼちゃ
(kabocha)
pumpkin
きゅうり
(kyūri)
cucumber
ゴーヤ
(gōya)
bitter gourd
ごぼう
(gobō)
burdock
さつまいも
(satsumaimo)
sweet potato
しいたけ
(shiitake)
shiitake mushroom
じゃがいも
(jagaimo)
potato
ズッキーニ
(zukkīni)
zucchini
だいこん
(daikon)
Japanese radish
たまねぎ
(tamanegi)
onion
ちんげんさい
(chingensai)
bok choy
トマト
(tomato)
tomato
なす
(nasu)
eggplant
にんじん
(ninjin)
carrot
ネギ
(negi)
leek
ピーマン
(pīman)
green pepper
ブロッコリー
(burokkorī)
broccoli
まいたけ
(maitake)
hen-of-the-wood
モロヘイヤ
(moroheiya)
Egyptian spinach
ルッコラ
(rukkora)
arugula
れんこん
(renkon)
lotus root
セロリ
(serori)
celery
えのき
(enoki)
enoki mushroom
キャベツ
(kyabetsu)
cabbage
にんにく
(ninniku)
garlic

That was 27 やさい flashcards! Listen to the pronunciations in the video. You can also print and make your own Nihongo flashcards for practice. Download the vegetable flashcards here.

 

アスパラ asparagus

おくら okra

かぼちゃ pumpkin

きゅうり cucumber

ゴーヤ bitter gourd

ごぼう burdock

さつまいも sweet potato

しいたけ shiitake mushroom

じゃがいも potato

ズッキーニ zucchini

だいこん Japanese radish

たまねぎ onion

ちんげんさい bok choy

トマト tomato

なす eggplant

にんじん carrot

ネギ leek

にんにく garlic

ピーマン green pepper

ブロッコリー broccoli

まいたけ hen-of-the-wood

モロヘイヤ Egyptian spinach

ルッコラ arugula

れんこん lotus root

The standard rule is to write native Japanese words in hiragana and 外来語(がいらいご) (gairaigo), foreign borrowed words, in katakana. However, in biological contexts, fruits, vegetables, plants, and animals are written in katakana.

That said, sometimes words are written in katakana simply to make them stand out, especially when they are next to hiragana, as in うさぎリンゴ or ウサギりんご.  

For more, learn fruits in Japanese here and learn how to count fruits and vegetables in Japanese in the video.

Download and make your own Nihongo flashcards: Vegetables

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