Learn Vegetables in Japanese

Learn Vegetable Names in Japanese 

How many vegetables can you name in Japanese? Learn how to say each vegetable 野菜 (やさい) in Japanese:

アスパラ asparagus

おくら okra

かぼちゃ pumpkin

きゅうり cucumber

ゴーヤ bitter gourd

ごぼう burdock

さつまいも sweet potato

しいたけ shiitake mushroom

じゃがいも potato

ズッキーニ zucchini

だいこん Japanese radish

たまねぎ onion

ちんげんさい bok choy

トマト tomato

なす eggplant

にんじん carrot

ネギ leek

にんにく garlic

ピーマン green pepper

ブロッコリー broccoli

まいたけ hen-of-the-wood

モロヘイヤ Egyptian spinach

ルッコラ arugula

れんこん lotus root

The standard rule of kana-writing is to write Japanese nouns in hiragana, and 外来語 (gairaigo), foreign-borrowed words, in katakana. So why are some Japanese words written in katakana?

One rule is that in biological contexts, fruits, vegetables, plants, and animals are written in katakana. Other times, words are written in katakana merely to make them stand out, especially when they are next to hiragana. For example, うさぎリンゴ or ウサギりんご. More often, it is a visual solution for legibility.

Now, how many fruits do you know in Japanese? Check out the fruit video here.

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